Arthroscopic (or “key-hole”) surgery is the most common form of knee surgery. It can be performed for a variety of reasons, for example:
- Treating torn meniscal cartilages, usually this involves trimming away the torn pieces, though infrequently it can involve repair.
- Removing loose pieces of bone and / or cartilage which can cause the joint to jam or lock.
- Releasing excessively tight bands of tissue which can cause pain.
- Removing an inflamed knee joint lining (“synovitis”)
- Surgery to reduce the roughness of degenerate articular cartilage (chondroplasty), note that this is not always effective in relieving the pain of osteoarthritis. It is certainly not a cure.
Arthroscopic surgery is usually carried out as day surgery, and usually under general anaesthetic. It is usually not overly painful, and many people can return to work within a few days, depending on the physical demands of their employment.